File Name: positive and negative impact of social media on society .zip
Since the internet, and particularly smartphones, became household commodities, mass media's impact on people and societies has increased exponentially. As you might expect, there is a swinging pendulum of public opinion which often shifts from decrying the ills of this trend to extolling the many virtues of on demand technology.
Users usually access social media services via web-based apps on desktops and laptops , or download services that offer social media functionality to their mobile devices e. As users engage with these electronic services, they create highly interactive platforms through which individuals, communities, and organizations can share, co-create, discuss, participate, and modify user-generated content or self-curated content posted online. Wikis are examples of collaborative content creation. Social media outlets differ from traditional media e.
Users usually access social media services via web-based apps on desktops and laptops , or download services that offer social media functionality to their mobile devices e.
As users engage with these electronic services, they create highly interactive platforms through which individuals, communities, and organizations can share, co-create, discuss, participate, and modify user-generated content or self-curated content posted online.
Wikis are examples of collaborative content creation. Social media outlets differ from traditional media e. For example, a newspaper is delivered to many subscribers and a radio station broadcasts the same programs to an entire city. Since the dramatic expansion of the Internet, digital media or rhetoric can be used to represent or identify a culture.
Studying how the rhetoric that exists in the digital environment has become a crucial new process for many scholars. Digital rhetoric. Observers have noted a wide range of positive and negative impacts of social media use. Social media can help to improve an individual's sense of connectedness with real or online communities and can be an effective communication or marketing tool for corporations, entrepreneurs, non-profit organizations, advocacy groups, political parties, and governments.
Observers have also seen that there has been a rise in social movements are using social media as a tool for communicating and organizing in times of political unrest.
Social media may have roots in the s introduction of the telegraph , which connected the United States. It offered early forms of social media features with era innovations such as Notes, PLATO's message-forum application; TERM-talk, its instant-messaging feature; Talkomatic , perhaps the first online chat room ; News Report, a crowdsourced online newspaper, and blog; and Access Lists, enabling the owner of a note file or other application to limit access to a certain set of users, for example, only friends, classmates, or co-workers.
A precursor of the electronic bulletin board system BBS , known as Community Memory , had already appeared by Multiple modems , followed by specialized telecommunication hardware, allowed many users to be online simultaneously. Between the mids and the mids, BBSes numbered in the tens of thousands in North America alone. When the World Wide Web WWW, or 'the web' was added to the Internet in the mids, message forums migrated to the web, becoming Internet forums , primarily due to cheaper per-person access as well as the ability to handle far more people simultaneously than telco modem banks.
Digital imaging and semiconductor image sensor technology facilitated the development and rise of social media. An important feature of social media is digital media data compression ,   due to the impractically high memory and bandwidth requirements of uncompressed media. The development of social media started off with simple platforms. It is speculated that the increase in social media's popularity is due to the widespread daily use of smartphones.
The idea that social media are defined simply by their ability to bring people together has been seen as too broad, as this would suggest that fundamentally different technologies like the telegraph and telephone are also social media.
In , Merriam-Webster defined social media as "forms of electronic communication such as websites for social networking and microblogging through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal messages, and other content such as videos. While the variety of evolving stand-alone and built-in social media services makes it challenging to define them,  marketing and social media experts broadly agree that social media include the following 13 types of social media: .
Mobile social media refer to the use of social media on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Mobile social media are a useful application of mobile marketing because the creation, exchange, and circulation of user-generated content can assist companies with marketing research, communication, and relationship development.
According to Andreas Kaplan , mobile social media applications can be differentiated among four types: . Some social media sites have the potential for content posted there to spread virally over social networks. The term is an analogy to the concept of viral infections , which can spread rapidly from person to person. In a social media context, content or websites that are 'viral' or which 'go viral' are those with a greater likelihood that users will reshare content posted by another user to their social network, leading to further sharing.
In some cases, posts containing popular content or fast-breaking news have been rapidly shared and re-shared by a huge number of users. Businesses have a particular interest in viral marketing tactics because a viral campaign can achieve widespread advertising coverage particularly if the viral reposting itself makes the news for a fraction of the cost of a traditional marketing campaign, which typically uses printed materials, like newspapers, magazines , mailings, and billboards, and television and radio commercials.
Nonprofit organizations and activists may have similar interests in posting content on social media sites with the aim of it going viral. Many social media sites provide specific functionality to help users reshare content, such as Twitter 's 'retweet' button, Pinterest 's 'pin' function, Facebook 's 'share' option, or Tumblr 's 'reblog' function.
Resharing or, in this case, retweeting is an especially popular component and feature of Twitter, allowing its users to keep up with important events and stay connected with their peers, as well as contributing in various ways throughout social media. Hashtags can be used in tweets, and can also be used to take count of how many people have used that hashtag.
Blending automated activity with human input, cyborgs make it easier to spread fake news. Such accounts try to pose as real people; in particular, the number of their friends or followers should be resembling that of a real person. There has been rapid growth in the number of U. As an instance of technological convergence , various social media platforms of different kinds adapted functionality beyond their original scope, increasingly overlapping with each other over time, albeit usually not implemented as completely as on dedicated platforms.
Instagram later implemented stories short videos self-destructing after 24 hours , a concept popularized by Snapchat , as well as IGTV , for seekable videos of up to ten minutes or one hour depending on account status. Twitter, whose original scope was text-based microblogging , later adapted photo sharing functionality deprecating third-party services such as TwitPic ,  later video sharing with second time limit and view counter but no manual quality selection or subtitles like on dedicated video platforms, and originally only available to mobile app users but later implemented in their website front ends.
The discussion platform Reddit added an integrated image hoster in June after Reddit users commonly relied on the external standalone image sharing platform Imgur ,  and an internal video hoster around a year later. Starting in , the dedicated video platform YouTube rolled out a Community feature accessible through a channel tab which usurps the previous Discussion channel tab , where text-only posts, as well as polls can be shared. To be enabled, channels have to pass a subscriber count threshold which has been lowered over time.
According to Statista , it is estimated that, in , there are around 3. This number is expected to increase to 4. The following is a list of the most popular social networking services based on the number of active users as of October per Statista.
According to a survey conducted by Pew Research in , Facebook and YouTube dominated the social media landscape, as notable majorities of U. At the same time, younger Americans especially those ages 18 to 24 stood out for embracing a variety of platforms and using them frequently. Nonetheless, Facebook remained the primary platform for most American adults: roughly two-thirds of U. With the exception of those 65 and older, a majority of Americans across a wide range of demographic groups used Facebook.
Facebook accounts created has plateaued, with not much observable growth in the period. A study from suggests that there may be individual differences that help explain who uses social media and who does not: extraversion and openness have a positive relationship with social media, while emotional stability has a negative sloping relationship with social media. Data from Common Sense Media has suggested that children under the age of 13 in the United States use social networking services despite the fact that many social media sites have policies that state one must be at least years-old or older to join.
However, the median age of starting to use social media was years-old. Governments may use social media to for example : . Social media has been used extensively in civil and criminal investigations.
In the United States U. Immigration and Customs Enforcement identifies and track individuals via social media, and also has apprehended some people via social media based sting operations. Customs and Border Protection also known as CPB and the United States Department of Homeland Security use social media data as influencing factors during the visa process, and continue to monitor individuals after they have entered the country.
As social media gained momentum among the younger generations, governments began using it to improve their image, especially among the youth. In January , Egyptian authorities were found to be using Instagram influencers as part of its media ambassadors program. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates participated in similar programs. The high distribution of social media in the private environment drives companies to deal with the application possibilities of social media on .
Trends in social-media technology and usage change rapidly, making it crucial for businesses to have a set of guidelines that can apply to many social media platforms. Companies are increasingly [ quantify ] using social-media monitoring tools to monitor, track, and analyze online conversations on the Web about their brand or products or about related topics of interest.
This can prove useful in public relations management and advertising-campaign tracking, allowing analysts to measure return on investment for their social media ad spending, competitor-auditing, and for public engagement. Tools range from free, basic applications to subscription-based, more in-depth tools. Financial industries utilize the power of social media as a tool for analyzing the sentiment of financial markets. These range from the marketing of financial products, gaining insights into market sentiment, future market predictions, and as a tool to identify insider trading.
Social media become effective through a process called [ by whom? Social media marketing is the use of social media platforms and websites to promote a product or service and also to establish a connection with its customers. Although the terms e-marketing and digital marketing are still dominant in academia, social media marketing is becoming more popular for both practitioners and researchers.
Social media marketing has increased due to the growing active user rates on social media sites. For example, Facebook currently has 2. Users of social media are then able to like, share and comment on the advert, becoming message senders as they can keep passing the advert's message on to their friends and onwards.
They also have to keep up with the ongoing trends that are set by big influencers and draw many people's attention. The type of audience a business is going for will determine the social media site they use.
Social media personalities have been employed by marketers to promote products online. Research shows that digital endorsements seem to be successfully targeting social media users,  especially younger consumers who have grown up in the digital age. The practice of harnessing social media personalities to market or promote a product or service to their following is commonly referred to as Influencer Marketing.
The Cambridge Dictionary defines an "influencer" as any person personality, blogger, journalist, celebrity who has the ability to affect the opinions, behaviors, or purchases of others through the use of social media.
Companies such as fast food franchise Wendy's have used humor to advertise their products by poking fun at competitors such as McDonald's and Burger King. On social media, consumers are exposed to the purchasing practices of peers through messages from a peer's account, which may be peer-written. Such messages may be part of an interactive marketing strategy involving modeling, reinforcement, and social interaction mechanisms.
Social media have a range of uses in political processes and activities. Social media have been championed [ by whom? Younger generations are becoming [ when? Social-media footprints of candidates for political office have grown during the last decade [ timeframe? Dounoucos et al. Militant groups have begun [ when? Increasing political influence on social media [ citation needed ] saw [ when?
Often, [ quantify ] foreign-originated social-media campaign s have sought to influence political opinion in another country. For example, a Twitter campaign run [ when?
Some employers examine job applicants' social media profiles as part of the hiring assessment.
It seems that it started in China and has widely spread in almost all countries in the world. This pandemic situation is one of the widely spread diseases in recent history. However, there was an influenza pandemic in with the exact number of deaths still unknown. Some believe that the death toll would have been about 50— million people. At the time of writing this article, COVID has infected 5,, persons worldwide when the article was finalised for publication, the number has increased up to 15,, The article is aimed at analysing the positive and negative impacts of COVID in a sociological perspective.
We depend on our smartphones for work, school, our personal and social lives.
At this time of social distancing and isolation, social media can be an invaluable tool for keeping you in touch with friends, loved ones, and the wider world. But be mindful of how it makes you feel. If spending time on social media exacerbates your stress, anxiety, and uncertainty, take steps to limit your engagement.
Social Media are computer tools that allows people to share or exchange information s, ideas, images, videos and even more with each other through a particular network. Focus is on the particular field like business, education, society and youth. During this paper we describe how these Media will affect society in a broad way. Keywords: Social Media , business, society, youngsters, education. Link to this page:. Social Media plays a vital role in transforming people s life style. Social Media includes Social networking sites and blogs where people can easily connect with each other.
With the proliferation of technologies that are able to overcome the obstacles of time and space e. However, some technological advances cause people to be distracted, overly stressed, and increasingly isolated. Many people are involved in an abundant number of relationships through technology, but sometimes the quantity of these associations leaves people feeling qualitatively empty. Obviously, technology has had a profound impact on what it means to be social.
The effect of Social Networks [media] like facebook, twitter, MySpace, etc is hard to ignore. Nigerian youth alongside their counterpart around the global are fast making the social media become part of their daily activities. This is a clear picture of the level of participation on the social network. However, technology like two sides of a coin, bring with it both the negative and positive sides. Against all odds, Branston, G.
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