File Name: peace and conflict resolution in nigeria .zip
Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviours as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts including social conflicts , with a view towards understanding those processes which lead to a more desirable human condition.
Although Nigeria has been spared conflict on the scale experienced by many other African countries, it experiences a mass of relatively minor conflicts. It focuses on the interaction between resource competition and the corruption of the political system, and calls for action in the overall area of conflict prevention. Following independence in , Nigeria experienced thirty years of military dictatorship, during which political and social values were deeply undermined. The country became a democracy in , but so far this has meant an increase, rather than a decrease, in conflict, due to competition for political space. There are conflicts in all areas of the country, and a remarkable continuity in their causes. The Nigerian state is dependent on a single source of revenue, oil, derived mainly from a single area of the country. The concentration of resources in the state makes the possession of political power very lucrative and the competition for political positions intense.
So, All of authors and contributors must check their papers before submission to making assurance of following our anti-plagiarism policies. The paper dwells on the attainment of positive social change through sufficient design and teaching of peace education in Nigeria. The frequent crisis since after independence in the six geopolitical zones of the country presupposes absence of or lack of enough peace education. Ignorance of conflict resolution through dialogue is lacking in the consciousness of many Nigerians due to lack of proper information and training. The incidences of Niger Delta Militia, the kidnapping cases, the community clashes, the politically motivated crisis, the Boko Haram insurgency, among others in Nigeria show little or no peace education.
Nigeria is a very complex and interesting state. Thus, unsurprisingly, ethno-religious fault lines soon emerged shortly after the country attained independence in , culminating in an unfortunate and possibly preventable civil war that lasted three long years, from , and claimed over a million lives. Since after the Civil War, Nigeria has attempted to build a sense of social cohesion and togetherness amongst its diverse populations. The graduates are often transferred to a region state other than theirs, to boost understanding of other cultures and lived experiences. Another attempt at national integration and peace is the introduction of peace and conflict studies in Nigerian universities and specialized institutions and this article explores the history of peace education in Nigeria. For example, Dr. The University of Lagos was also established at the period, in
Igbo , University of Nigeria - Nsukka Follow. Conflict in simple terms, means a state of disagreement, controversy or opposition. It could also mean the existence of a prolonged battle, struggle or clash between two or more parties. Obegi and Nyamboga , quoting Nicholas described conflict as situations where two people or groups wish to carry out acts which are mutually incompatible. In either case, conflict is generally characterized by a breach of peace or understanding among parties involved.
Conflict resolution is conceptualized as the methods and processes involved in facilitating the peaceful ending of conflict and retribution. Committed group members attempt to resolve group conflicts by actively communicating information about their conflicting motives or ideologies to the rest of group e. Cognitive resolution is the way disputants understand and view the conflict, with beliefs, perspectives, understandings and attitudes. Emotional resolution is in the way disputants feel about a conflict, the emotional energy. Behavioral resolution is reflective of how the disputants act, their behavior.
Прочитав их, Беккер прокрутил в памяти все события последних двенадцати часов. Комната в отеле Альфонсо XIII. Тучный немец, помахавший у него под носом рукой и сказавший на ломаном английском: Проваливай и умри. - С вами все в порядке? - спросила девушка, заметив, что он переменился в лице. Беккер не мог оторвать глаз от ее руки.
Но он очень толстый. Жена отказывает ему… ну, вы понимаете. - Беккер не мог поверить, что это говорит он. Если бы Сьюзан слышала меня сейчас, - подумал. - Я тоже толстый и одинокий.
Que bebe usted. Чего-нибудь выпьете. - Спасибо.
Панк да и. Беккер принадлежал к миру людей, носивших университетские свитера и консервативные стрижки, - он просто не мог представить себе образ, который нарисовала Росио.
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