File Name: different types of vitamins and their deficiency diseases .zip
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. B vitamins are a group of eight essential nutrients that play roles in many organs and bodily systems. Although they can work together in the body, they also carry out their own unique functions.
For much of human history, diseases of nutrient deficiency were the norm, and in some parts of the world, they still persist. Even into the 20th century, conditions caused by a lack of certain vitamins or minerals were endemic to North America and Europe. Here are a few of those maladies. The disease of pirates: the grey-death. Scurvy is caused by a lack of vitamin C, whose chemical name, ascorbic acid, is derived from the Latin term for scurvy, scorbutus. Even though the disease was known since ancient times described by Hippocrates around BCE , it was not a scourge to those who were largely land-bound.
Vitamin deficiency anemia occurs when the body has fewer healthy red blood cells than is normal. Red blood cells help deliver oxygen to organs and tissues all over the body. The risk of developing vitamin deficiency anemia gets higher as you grow older. Pregnant women are at a higher risk for developing the condition because their bodies need more vitamins during pregnancy. A lack of any one of several vitamins — B12, folate also known as folic acid , or vitamin C — causes vitamin deficiency anemia. Megaloblastic anemia is a type of vitamin deficiency anemia that specifically involves a lack of vitamin B12 or folate.
Written and peer-reviewed by physicians—but use at your own risk. Read our disclaimer. Vitamins are a group of chemically diverse organic compounds that an organism requires for normal metabolism. Apart from a few exceptions e. Vitamins are micronutrients that do not provide energy like macronutrients but instead have very specific biochemical roles. They can also enable cell signaling vitamin A and gene transcription vitamins A and E or function as hormones e.
Moreover, the Global Hunger Index Report ranked India 20th amongst leading countries with a serious hunger situation. These facts hint dire consequences for mortality rate, productivity and economic growth. Therefore, nutritional deficiency diseases have obtained an important place in various government competitive exams. This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the same. Download this as PDF. We hope you find this post on deficiency diseases and malnutrition helpful.
There are 2 naturally occurring forms of vitamin K. Plants synthesize phylloquinone. (vitamin K1) & bacteria synthesize menaquinone-3 (vit K2). Menaquinone-4 is.
Vitamin deficiency is the condition of a long-term lack of a vitamin. When caused by not enough vitamin intake it is classified as a primary deficiency , whereas when due to an underlying disorder such as malabsorption it is called a secondary deficiency.
By definition, a nutrient is any substance that is absorbed and either provides you with energy or enables growth, repair or proper functioning of your body. There are seven main classes of nutrients that the body needs. These are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water. It is important that everyone consumes these seven nutrients on a daily basis to help them build their bodies and maintain their health.
By definition, a nutrient is any substance that is absorbed and either provides you with energy or enables growth, repair or proper functioning of your body. There are seven main classes of nutrients that the body needs. These are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water. It is important that everyone consumes these seven nutrients on a daily basis to help them build their bodies and maintain their health. Deficiencies, excesses and imbalances in diet can produce negative impacts on health, which may lead to diseases. This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the Competetive Examination.
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Read this complete list of deficiency diseases and sources of This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the same. Vitamin B12, Various Cobalamins, Macrocytic Anaemia, Memory Get Free Mocktests, Live classes & Instant Exam Updates /5.
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