File Name: male infertility diagnosis and treatment .zip
Evaluation of male infertility is important to identify a cause and provide treatment if the etiology is correctable. If a specific treatment is not available or the origin of the male factor infertility is not correctable, other options such as assisted reproductive techniques ART may exist. The pharmacist plays a vital role in identifying medications that contribute to male infertility, counseling the couple on medications used to treat infertility, and promoting healthy lifestyles that minimize infertility factors. The purpose of this article is to provide a broad overview of the etiology, evaluation, and treatment of male infertility. Infertility is defined as the inability to achieve conception despite one year of regular, unprotected intercourse. The testicles contain Leydig, Sertoli, and germ cells, which are responsible for the production of sperm and the synthesis of testosterone. The Sertoli cells line the seminiferous tubules in the testicles along with primitive germ cells.
The New York State Task Force on Life and the Law was created in to develop public policy on issues arising from medical advances. Task Force members include leaders in the fields of law, medicine, nursing, philosophy, consumer rights, religion and ethics. In , after extensive research and interviews with people involved in fertility treatment, the Task Force found that patients have frequently not been adequately informed before giving their consent to undergo these procedures. The Task Force received a grant from the Ford Foundation to create a model process and form for obtaining informed consent, and this guidebook for persons with infertility. Every year, thousands of couples seek medical assistance because they want a child and find it difficult to become pregnant or to carry a pregnancy to term. The New York State Task Force on Life and the Law created this guidebook because, in many ways, the treatment of infertility is even more complex than other issues faced by medical consumers.
Infertility is a term doctors use if a man hasn't been able to get a woman pregnant after at least one year of trying. Causes of male infertility include.
There are two kinds of infertility — primary and secondary:. Primary infertility means that the couple has never conceived. Secondary infertility means that the couple has experienced a pregnancy before and failed to conceive later.
Male infertility is any health issue in a man that lowers the chances of his female partner getting pregnant. About 13 out of couples can't get pregnant with unprotected sex. There are many causes for infertility in men and women. In over a third of infertility cases, the problem is with the man.
PDF | The evaluation of the subfertile male starts with the basic history and physical examination, which often provide indication of probable cause. | Find, read.
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. This case-based guide is written from the clinician's perspective, dealing with a defined male infertility problem, tracing the actual clinical pathway arriving at the diagnosis, and discussing the treatment options and the likely outcome. Rather than focusing on excessive theoretical details, each chapter presents a unique clinical vignette or scenario, the relevant aspects of which are followed throughout the entire chapter, correlating specific fertility issues with clinical findings, describing treatment options, prognoses and procedures when indicated , and concluding with practical clinical pearls. Opening with chapters describing current diagnoses of male infertility and semen analysis, the subsequent cases presented cover a variety of relevant topics in male infertility, including anabolic steroid use, ejaculatory and erectile dysfunction, azoospermia, Klinefelter Syndrome, varicocele, cystic fibrosis and spinal cord injury.
If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. Causes include decreased or absent sperm production or function, or obstruction of the male genital tract. Abnormal semen quality may indicate poor health or increased risk of certain health conditions. Infertility is the inability of a couple to conceive a child after 1 year of sexual intercourse without contraceptive use. The evaluation of both partners is critical for treatment success.
Infertility is a major health issue worldwide. Males and females contribute equally to this problem.
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